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高考英语词汇详解:break的短语用法

时间:2017-03-05 05:46来源:伟酷 作者:伟酷 点击:
高考英语词汇详解:break的短语用法
  高考英语词汇详解:break的短语用法
  1. break away
  突然逃掉或离开。
如:
  The thief broke away from the policeman. 小偷从警察那逃脱了。
  断绝往来,脱离。如:
  He broke away from all his old friends. 他同他所有的老朋友断绝了往来。
  改掉,破除。如:
  You must break away from such habits. 你必须改掉那些习惯。
  2. break down
  坏了。
如:
  The car broke down after an hour’s driving. 车子开了一个小时就坏了。
  失败。如:
  Our plans have broken down. 我们的计划已失败了。
  中断。如:
  He broke down as he was singing. 他没唱完就突然停住了。
  变坏。如:
  Her health broke down under the pressure of work. 工作的压力把他的身体弄垮了。
  3. break in
  突然进来,强行进入。
如:
  He broke in and stole my money. 他闯进来偷了我的钱。
  插嘴,打岔。如:
  He broke in with some ideas of his own. 他插话谈了自己的一些想法。
  Please don’t break in on our conversation. 请不要打断我们的谈话。
  The secretary broke in to say that a telegram had just arrived. 秘书插话说刚收到一个电报。
  注: 以上用法的 break in 通常是不及物的,但有时也用作及物动词,带宾语,表示:训练某人,使某人适应。如:
  He is breaking in the new man as a machine operator. 我在训练那个新工人操作机器。
  Two weeks in the new office should be enough to break you in. 在新办公室上两星期的班便足以让你适应了。
  4. break into
  强行进入。
如:
  The thieves planned to break into a bank. 这些小偷计划闯银行。
  突然……起来。如:
  Hearing the news, she broke into tears. 听到这个消息,她就哭了起来。
  The man broke into a run when he saw the police. 那个人一看到警察,拨腿就跑。
  打断,插嘴。如:
  He broke into the discussion with a shout of warning. 他大声警告,打断了讨论。
  占用时间。如:
  Social activities break into my time. 社会活动占去了我的时间。
  注: break into 与 break in 的有时可表示相同的意思,但前者通常为及物的,后者通常为不及物的。
  break短语动词用法大全
  5. break off
  停止讲话。
如:
  He broke off in the middle of a sentence. 他一句话没讲完就停住了。
  暂停,休息。如:
  Let’s break up for a rest. 我们休息一会儿吧。
  折断。如:
  The mast has broken off. 桅杆折断了。
  6. break out 突然发生或爆发。如:
  A fire broke out during the night. 夜间发生了火灾。
  The 2nd World War broke out in September, 1939. 第二次世界大战爆发于1939年9月。
  Influenza usually breaks out in winter. 流感通常发生在冬季。
  注: 是不及物动词,所以不能带宾语,也不能用于被动语态。
  7. break through
  突破,有重要创见。
如:
  Scientists say they’re beginning to break through in the fight against cancer. 科学家们说,他们在防治癌症方面开始有所突破。
  克服,征服。如:
  You must try to break through your shyness. 你必须要设法克服羞怯。
  强行穿过。如:
  The enemy’s defences were strong but our soldiers broke through. 敌人的防线很艰固,但仍为我军所突破。
  注: 有时指太阳、月亮等从云层里出来。如:
  The sun broke through at last in the afternoon. 下午太阳终于从云层里钻了出来。
  8. break up
  解散,驱散。
如:
  The police broke up the crowd . 警察驱散了人群。
  放假。如:
  When do you break up for Christmas? 你们什么时候放圣诞节假?
  结束,破裂。如:
  The weather shows signs of breaking up. 好天气看样要过去了。
  Their marriage is breaking up. 他们的婚姻濒临破裂。
  击碎,撞碎。如:
  The ship broke up on the rocks. 船触礁撞毁了。
  绝交。如:
  She’s just broken up with her boy-friend. 她刚与男朋友绝交。 (责任编辑:管理员)
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